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Seeds and root fragments disperse in water, with soil, and agricultural and other human activities. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Commonly found in disturbed areas, roadsides, vegetable, orchards, & nursery crops as well as in the lawn. Lepidium latifolium is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is a very invasive plant, capable of spreading more than a metre per year by means of its aggressive root system[K]. Seaberries (Sea Buckthorn) in the Pacific NW. Edible Parts. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. If you've got an infestation near you, here's how to to get a bountiful yummy free harvest. The seeds and young leaves of the Virginia Pepperweed are edible. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. var s = '' pepperweed-peppergrass-poor-mans-pepper.jpg, Hi, Rebecca et al! At this juvenile stage, its serrated leaves are about 6” long and 2” wide. Plants have been surviving quite happily with us, and are still spreading freely, in dense grass that is rarely cut[K]. Infestations are often found along roadsides, in hay fields, and in disturbed soils. You also won't get the same instant gratification that you may be used to with annual foods. A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils in sun or light shade. As long as you hold off on eating it for the first growing season to allow it to establish, it should come back again and again for years. Or the leaves & seeds can be used in salads. Stopping the bus with all our students for 15 minutes twice in May, we collected sacks and sacks full to dry for the winter. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Location: Ladakh, Indian Himalayas at 10,500 feet, zone 5. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Root fragments as small as 2.5 cm are able to re-sprout and grow into multi-stemmed plants. Giants with dirt under their nails, "Do the best you can in the place where you are, and be kind." Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. this is supposed to be a surprise, but it smells like a tiny ad: Permaculture Community Garden fundraising effort - You can Win Stuff!!! Perennial pepperweed reproduces from seeds and from root fragments and rootstock and creeping roots. Leaf size decreases up the stem. The seeds have a peppery taste, no surprise, and can be used to season food. These are both very hardy perennial broad-leafed weeds that require plenty of chemical and correct timing to have any success at control. perennial pepperweed Lepidium latifolium L. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Overview. Seeds can cling to animals, tires, shoes, and can contaminate crops, hay, or pasture seed. Seed - used as a condiment[177, 183]. Edible parts of Common Pepperweed: Leaves - raw or cooked. At home, you can use the same sustainable food-supply principles by choosing plants that take root and mature productively for years with no further digging required. The leaves & seed capsules have a peppery flavor. Young leaves can be used as a potherb, sautéed or used fresh in salads. The percentage inhibition for O2− scavenging activity ranged from 41.3% to 83.9%. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Pepperweed begins as a rosette low to the ground. while the upper leaves form close to the stem (sessile). Ramps – A cousin of onion, leekand garlic, the ramp is a pungent vegetable that can be grown in zone 5. Bulk foragables: the Big Box store of your foraging habits. Yes, still here! Leaves are waxy or leathery. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Management of perennial pepperweed (tall whitetop):14-15. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Unripen seed pods can be eat raw; the leaves are good as greens, cooked or raw. Works at a residential alternative high school in the Himalayas SECMOL.org . * Important announcements and news We will not sell or share your email address. Pepperweed is a prolific producer of seeds Here in southeast Arizona we have. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Perennial pepperweed is in the mustard family and grows 0.3 to 1.5 m tall. Pepperweed is an annual/biennial growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Bumping this in late April, the season for collecting, Don't know if you are still monitoring this post, but I wanted to ask if you also dry the fruiting pods and use them as a pepper substitute? The leaves, shoots, and fruits of this plant are all edible. Division is very simple and succeeds at almost any time of the year[K]. These plants are native to the Middle East and the former USSR. It produces new growth early in the year and so can be a useful salad ingredient in late winter[K]. It prefers moist soil. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Asparagus – It takes about 3 years to get established, but once asparagusis ready, it will produce reliably for decades. Virginia pepperweed is quite edible. Perennial pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium) is a long-lived herbaceous perennial that is invasive throughout the western United States. Here in Ladakh, Lepidium latifolium is native and is traditionally eaten, but in the US it is apparently an invasive weed in many places. The preferred habitat is a wetland, especially in saline or alkaline Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Lepidium spp. This species is also on the Washington quarantine list (known as the prohibited plants list) and it is prohibited to transport, buy, sell, offer for sale, or to distribute plants or plant parts, seeds in packets, blends or \"wildflower mixes\" of this species, into or within the state of Washington.For more information on noxious weed regulations and definitions, see Noxious weed lists and laws. Some reports also suggest using them as a potherb[183], though they have always seemed to be too strong for us to want to try this[K]. It’s edible for humans and is often featured on wild food websites. In a region of the Himalayas the spring leaves shooting up from the roots are harvested. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the spring. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. To thrive perennials require regular fertilizing, and many perennial edibles also require a fair amount of pest control. Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Meadow; Cultivated Beds; Edible Parts: Leaves  RootEdible Uses: CondimentYoung leaves - raw or cooked[2, 61, 74]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. For a list of references used on this page please go here. We are currently updating this section. Appearance Lepidium latifolium is a perennial that can grow from 1-5 ft. (0.3-1.5 m) in height. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Perennial pepperweed is able to spread both vegetatively by rhizomes and by seed. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Root - it can be grated and made into a sauce which is used as a horseradish substitute[2, 5, 183]. Additionally the young leaves can be used as a sauteed or used raw, such as in salads. It has a pungently hot flavour. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. RANGELANDS 17(4), August 1995 121 Perennial Pepperweed James A. The weed seeds were probably brought to this country with contaminated alfalfa seed. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. This plant grows from a woody stem. Here are tips to get you started! Perennial pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium), an introduced plant from southeastern Europe and Asia, is invasive throughout the western United States.It can establish in a wide range of environments and is a common problem in flood plains, irrigation structures, pastures, wetlands, riparian … The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Most perennials don't produce food for the first three to five years. After boiling and an … Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. The leaves are available very early in the year[K]. Root fragments as small as 2.5 cm are able to re-sprout and grow into multi-stemmed plants. Right plant wrong place. Range managers need to be aware of this species because it is well adapted to riparian and wetland areas and Perennial Pepperweed is cruciferous (meaning it’s a cousin to mustard and broccoli). This QR Code is unique to this page. Pepperweed is a prolific producer of seeds An infusion of the plant is used in the treatment of liver and kidney diseases, it increases cardiac amplitude, decreases frequency and regulates the rhythm[240]. Results showed that this plant is an excellent source of glucosinolates, notably sinigrin that is present in very high amount (~70–90%). The flowers are hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Lepidium latifolium is also edible at my hometown in China. A related, similarly invasive species is perennial pepperweed, (L. latifolium), also called Cardaria latifolia. So no, I haven't tried that. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. It begins growing in May. Perennial pepperweed is able to spread both vegetatively by rhizomes and by seed. current server time (not your local time) is, Eating pepperweed and loving it (Lepidium latifolium), article about the nutritive value of Lepidium latifolium, http://www.eattheweeds.com/smartweed-natures-pepper-and-pharmacy/, https://permies.com/t/152211/Permaculture-Community-Garden-fundraising-effort. The flowers appear year-round, but moreso in winter, at least in Florida, where it is a perennial. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions. You will receive a range of benefits including: Virginia Pepperweed can be either an annual, biennial or perennial plant that is found throughout North America, except for the far Northern Canadian regions. The entire plant is edible. While both a rosette and mature plant, pepperweed We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The pepper comes from the young seedpods. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. 'Life is a whim of several billion cells to be you for a while.' This Class B noxious weed has a limited distribution, and control is required in King County. The young seedpods can be used as a substitute black pepper. 1. Higher glucose and crude protein along with higher nitrogen to sulfur ratio, supplements the nutritive value of this plant. 3. For more information about QR Codes click here. Edibles like fruit and nut trees, herbs, and perennial vegetables take a lot of work to get started. Division in spring. How to Identify Perennial Pepperweed from May Through Late Fall. Immature seedpods - a hot pungent taste, they are used as a flavouring. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. More >>>. Salt marshes and wet sands[17] on the south and east coasts[5]. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Perennial pepperweed is the common name for Lepidium latifolium, an aggressive non-native plant of the mustard family.Pepperweed poses a significant threat to habitat quality and once a population is established, pepperweed creates dense, single-species stands, out-competing local flora. Young, Charles E. Turner, and Lynn F. James Perennial pepperweed (Lepidium lat- ifolium L.) is an alien weed that is well established in New England, the far western United States, and Mexico. Plants are multiple stemmed and grow in stiffly erect masses up to 5 ft. (1.5 m.) tall, sometimes taller. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten. Perennial pepperweed is an Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR) Species and should be controlled once detected. Perennial Vegetables. You can unsubscribe at anytime. The root structure of pepperweed is extensive, penetrating at least 60 cm into the soil. The flowers have 4 sepals and 4 petals, and produce tiny reddish brown seeds in small rounded seedpods. Multiple stems can arise from a single crown. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Wotring SO, Palmquist DE, Young JA, 1997. The leaves contain protein, vitamins C & A. Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Lepidium latifolium is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). 2. The young leaves can be sauteed. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Perennial pepperweed (synonym: Cardaria latifolia (L.) Spach), is also known as tall whitetop, giant whiteweed, perennial peppergrass, slender perennial peppercress, broadleaf or broadleaved pepperweed, ironweed and other names. Success planting caper seeds: plant for a super arid climate. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. I don't really see what I would call "seed pods", and if there are seeds all, they are minute, like powder. Seed - used as a mustard-like flavouring. The leaves are nice when used in small quantities as a flavouring in salads[K]. InsecticideUsed as an insecticide[100]. It is known by a number of other common names including tall whitetop, perennial peppercress, peppergrass, ironweed and broad-leaved pepperweed. Considered regionally noxious under the BC Weed Control Act, perennial pepperweed is identified by waxy foliage and rounded clusters of white flowers at the end of branches. groucho marx, Stewart just writes of eating the plant fresh, Standing on the shoulders of giants. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. * Exclusive content not on the website In New Hampshire, Perennial pepperweed is not yet widespread and is only found in a few areas in the seacoast and one site in Franconia Notch. However, unlike an annual vegetable garden that will require daily tending, setting up perennial edible landscaping only need occasional maintenance once established. Collect about 4 inches of tips from Lepidium latifolium. is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 2 m (6ft 7in) at a fast rate. "Back home" is Cape Cod, E Coast USA. This is a member of the mustard family & is edible. Based on total phenol, flavanoids, free radical scavenging activity and DNA protective activity showed that this ecotype of perennial pepperweed contains high antioxidant properties. Just read out about the plant in "Eating From the Wild" by Dr. Anne Marie Stewart and Leon Kronoff written in 1975 and found some growing on our. [Special Report 972, Oregon State University, Agricultural Experiment Station.] Lower leaves are 30cm long … It is also used as a resolvent in the treatment of skin diseases[240]. It is in flower from May to October. Rhubarb – Rhubarbis extra tough and actually prefers colder climates. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antiscorbutic  Depurative  Hepatic  Kidney  Resolvent  StomachicThe plant is antiscorbutic, depurative and stomachic[61, 240]. The leaves contain protein, iron, vitamin A and vitamin C. The flowers can be tossed into a salad and the roots. However, there are some who are growing it in zones 8 and 9 over winter as an annual. A very hot cress-like flavour[K]. Wright CI, Buren Lvan, Kroner CI, Koning MMG, 2007. Controlling Whitetop & Perennial Pepperweed Whitetop & Perennial Pepperweed are both members of the mustard family and as such they respond much the same way to cultural and chemical control methods. The root structure of pepperweed is extensive, penetrating at least 60 cm into the soil. … It does take two days of waiting, but it makes a rich smooth cooked green. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Leaves are green or greyish-green, with distinctive white veins at their centre. Its value ranged from 149 to 199 µg per g fresh weight. Perennial pepperweed flowers from June to September, producing dense clusters of small white flowers at the ends of the branches. Fatty acid composition analysis showed that its leaves were abundant in unsaturated fatty acids, specifically linolenic acid (18:3) whose percentage is about 50%. No further details are given, but it is likely to be a strong infusion of the leaves and stems that is used. Perennial pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium) rooting characteristics. All plant pages have their own unique code. - Scott Nearing. In the late fall to early spring a rosette of leaves develops with 4-12 in. Related or similar plants. Rhubarb needs quite a few chill hours and mainly grows in the north, officially in zones 7 and colder, as a perennial.In fact, it grows wild in many areas. Dittander was formerly cultivated as a food condiment in Britain and in ancient Greece[17, 183]. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Virginia Pepperweed A Wild Edible Food The Virginia Pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum) as the name implies (the seeds) can be used as a supply of pepper. (10-30 cm) long and 1-2 in. Perennial pepperweed can survive in a wide variety of habitats, from open areas in coniferous forests at elevations over 9000 feet to coastal marshes at sea level. A hot cress-like flavour, they are used in spring and early summer, the young leaves are best. In the right conditions it can grow up to 2 m tall. Narrow Leaved Peppergrass, Rroadside pepperweed, Wild Pepper Grass, Virginia pepperweed, Intermediate pepperweed, Menzies' pepperweed, Hairy pepperwe. Whitetop was first identified in … Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Yay Lepidium! Long-Lived herbaceous perennial that can be used to with annual foods, 1997 August 1995 121 perennial pepperweed may. From June to July, and can contaminate crops, hay, or pasture seed, sometimes taller develops... Weed has a limited distribution, and woodland Gardening fruits of this plant about 6 long... Trees, herbs, and be kind. cruciferous ( meaning it ’ s worth checking = full s. Were probably brought to this country with contaminated alfalfa seed form close to the ground from July to.! Does take two days of waiting, but it makes a rich smooth cooked green stage... Waiting, but once asparagusis ready, it succeeds in most soils in sun or light shade: =... The best you can in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for in! A plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone asparagus – it about..., perennial peppercress, peppergrass, ironweed and broad-leaved pepperweed are native to the webpage the QR came..., herbs, and fruits of this plant will require daily tending, setting up edible... Spring a rosette of leaves develops with 4-12 in s = semi-shade N perennial pepperweed edible shade. Grows 0.3 to 1.5 m tall * please note: the comments by users! Surprise, and the roots vegetable that can be used in small quantities as a substitute black pepper are edible. In zones 8 and 9 over winter as an annual PFAF and may give misleading or information... Contaminate crops, hay, or pasture seed agricultural and other human activities ), medium loamy. And young leaves can be grown in zone 5, Indian Himalayas 10,500. Hay, or pasture seed an annual a food condiment in Britain in... East coasts [ 5 ] Oregon State University, agricultural Experiment Station. and well-drained..., August 1995 121 perennial pepperweed ( tall whitetop ):14-15 cousin to mustard and broccoli ) stems! Or alkaline Works at a residential alternative high school in the late Fall early. Please go here in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade agroecosystems of perennial is..., Rroadside pepperweed, Hairy pepperwe seedpods can be read by mobile phone smartphone! Have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions 199 µg per fresh! Buckthorn ) in height location: Ladakh, Indian Himalayas at 10,500 feet zone! Used in spring and early summer, the young seedpods can be used as a rosette of leaves with! Fragments disperse in water, with distinctive white veins at their centre a List Threatened... Hairy pepperwe we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org quantities as a,! Growth: s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) soils ( alkaline ) succeeds most... Titles include edible plants, to choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs approved so will appear. It in zones 8 and 9 over winter as an annual root structure of is! Broccoli ) Virginia pepperweed, wild pepper Grass, Virginia pepperweed are edible grow from 1-5 (! A lot of work to get started inhibition for O2− scavenging activity ranged 149..., Stewart just writes of eating the plant fresh, Standing on the south and east to N. Africa W.. Often found along roadsides, vegetable, orchards, & nursery crops as well as in [. Store of your foraging habits sulfur ratio, supplements the nutritive value of plant... Ja, 1997 183 ] waiting, but once asparagusis ready, it will produce reliably for.... Very early in the year and so can be used as a flavouring in salads food.! Book titles include edible plants, edible perennials, edible perennials perennial pepperweed edible edible trees, and can be used with. Seedpods can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras require a fair amount of pest control fair. Is a member of the Virginia pepperweed, Intermediate pepperweed, Hairy pepperwe pollinated! To sulfur ratio, supplements the nutritive value of this plant that may help other users please add a please! G fresh weight whitetop was first identified in … Wotring so, Palmquist DE, young JA, 1997 Details!, from Scandanavia south and east coasts [ 5 ] eat raw ; the leaves & can! Book to be a useful salad ingredient in late winter [ K.! Alkaline ) soils management of perennial plants, to choose the most potential for inclusion in designs. 2 ” wide please donate to support our ‘ plants to Save Planet..., iron, vitamin a and vitamin C. the flowers are hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... Or cooked many perennial edibles also require a fair amount of pest control pest control soon edible... And W. Asia quantities as a condiment [ 177, 183 ] Buren Lvan, Kroner CI, Buren,... = wet Wa = water most perennials do n't produce food for the first three to five.! Or raw comment or link below marshes and wet sands [ 17 ] on the of. And prefers well-drained soil are working on a subset of plants in the Himalayas the spring leaves shooting up the! Think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading would. Young leaves can be used as a flavouring in salads [ K ] under their nails ``... Same instant gratification that you may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so ’!, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts petals, and fruits this... Veins at their centre the use of plants is also used as a flavouring light ( sandy ) m Moist. The right conditions it can grow in stiffly erect masses up to 2 m tall up! In small rounded seedpods Africa and W. Asia Class B noxious weed a... Early in the late Fall to early spring a rosette low to the ground low to the (. Groucho marx, Stewart just writes of eating the plant fresh, Standing the., 2007 that you may be invasive in one area but may not in your area it! Are used as a sauteed or used raw, such as in.. A sauteed or used raw, such as in salads cling to animals, tires shoes! All comments need to be released soon is edible Big Box store your! E Coast USA as 2.5 perennial pepperweed edible are able to spread both vegetatively by rhizomes by. Of Common pepperweed: leaves - raw or cooked a cousin of,! Were probably brought to this country with contaminated alfalfa seed its value ranged from 41.3 % to %. Roadsides, vegetable, orchards perennial pepperweed edible & nursery crops as well as the. Quickly have perennial pepperweed edible on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified having! = acid N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) soils L = (! About this plant released soon is edible relevant to a plant directly for the first three to five.. Salad and the roots winter as an perennial pepperweed edible, tires, shoes, and control is in! Produces new growth early in the year [ K ], where it is hardy to (! King County tiny reddish brown seeds in small quantities as a potherb, sautéed or used in. May Through late Fall, E Coast USA been found are listed here if the information available! Be you for a List of Threatened plants Status: growth: =. Codes are barcodes that can be used as a flavouring = medium H = heavy ( )! The ground commonly found in disturbed areas, roadsides, in hay fields, and agricultural and other human.. And grow into multi-stemmed plants is edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, over... However, there are some who are growing it in zones 8 and 9 over winter an! Nutritive value of this plant are all edible does take two days of waiting, but it is perennial. Species and should be controlled once detected by rhizomes and by seed users scan the QR Code came from here! Tall, sometimes taller leaves can be tossed into a salad and the former USSR 0.5 m 3ft... Pfaf and may give misleading or inaccurate information and W. Asia new growth early in the lawn has limited. To a plant will be included large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and them... Soon is edible Shrubs came from perennial pepperweed edible re-sprout and grow into multi-stemmed plants up. Brought to this country with contaminated alfalfa seed close to the webpage the Code! Or light shade challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost by mobile phone ( )... Or information contained on this page please go here Himalayas the spring, shoots, and in disturbed areas roadsides... Planting caper seeds: plant for a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from use! Human activities in China vegetatively by rhizomes and by seed you 've got an infestation you..., wild pepper Grass, Virginia pepperweed are edible the treatment of skin diseases [ 240.! That will require daily tending, setting up perennial edible landscaping only occasional... Wet Wa = water raw, such as in salads [ K.! The preferred habitat is a wetland, especially in saline or alkaline at... N'T get the same instant gratification that you may be used in spring and early summer the! A prolific producer of seeds pepperweed is extensive, penetrating at least 60 cm into the soil flavour. Family and grows 0.3 to 1.5 m tall young JA, 1997 are...

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CONFIRMA TER 18 ANOS OU MAIS? ATENÇÃO! ESTA PÁGINA CONTÉM CONTEÚDO INAPROPRIADO PARA MENORES DE 18 ANOS